Brielle is Located in
Monmouth County New Jersey
Brielle is a Borough located in southern Monmouth County, New Jersey
along the Manasquan River. As of the United States 2000 Census, the
borough population was 4,893.
Brielle was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature
on April 10, 1919, from portions of Wall Township, based on the results
of a referendum passed on June 3, 1919.
Archaeological excavations along what is now Birch Drive reveal
temporary Lenape Native American settlements. The Lenape practiced
farming in other parts of Monmouth County much of the year, and they
visited this wooded area for hunting and fishing.
The area was originally part of Shrewsbury Township and the first
settlers were primarily farmers, and the area became known as Union
Landing. In colonial times, salt was an important preservative, and
before the American Revolutionary War, most of it was imported from
Great Britain. The Union Salt Works opened around the outbreak of the
war, and on April 5, 1778, several British Loyalists attacked and burned
the salt works and other buildings. A year later, the salt works
reopened and continued to operate through the duration of the war.
Early in the 19th century, Shrewsbury Township was divided, and the area
became part of Howell Township which was further divided in 1851, when
the area became part of Wall Township. On July 7, 1881, a group of
businessmen purchased several acres of land and formed the Brielle Land
Association with the intention of building vacation homes. The quaint
riverside charm of the area reminded one of the developers of another
pastoral town on a river which he had visited, Brielle, in the
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